Aisha Bell: Conjure
by Diana McClure
The work of Aisha Bell can be described as a dialectic between many pairs of opposites. In its most abstract iteration, form and formlessness. In its most literal, socially constructed identities and freedom of expression. In a sense, the spiritual power of conscious awareness alchemized within an individual and the pressures of external power structures, are eternally in a dance in the work of Bell.
Trained in painting first, and then ceramics, Bell’s work spans from figurative painting, drawing and collage to sculpture and performance. Often times, more than one medium is at work. Early in Bell’s practice, the subjects in her paintings found their self-actualization through a direct gaze, taking them out of the canvas and into an invasive performance within the viewer’s three dimensional space. Eventually, her subjects started to take shape as sculpted faces made from stoneware, porcelain, and terra cotta, claiming three dimensional personas, less concerned with confronting their audience.
The limitations of form, whether it be the physical body operating in daily life or the realm of ideas constricting one’s identity, outline the edges of Bell’s artistic output. However, her source material seems to be generated from an endless intuitive engagement with imagination. In her words, “the clay makes itself.” Two 2017 works, Fisher, made of stoneware, tempera paint, acrylic, gold leaf, gold twine, and canvas, and, He saw the future coming, made from terra-cotta, canvas, and acrylic, continue in the tradition of Bell’s past work, the pairing of ceramics and paintings on canvas. A sculpted head emerges in three dimensions in the top third of each piece, while abstracted torsos made from paint descend down each canvas in a flourish.
Despite the fictional origins of Bell’s subjects, their features, personalities, and gazes suggest otherwise. A realness exists in the faces of Bell’s characters that suggests an otherworldly connection to past ancestors, other beings, or future friends. The two pieces together call to mind a kinship between the two subjects physiognomy, while Bell’s choice to leave He saw the future coming in a raw terra cotta state and to paint Fisher in a similar, yet metallic, tone, also potentially link the works to a shared origin story.
Faced with external markers of identity, such as race, class and gender that require navigation in a material world full of stereotypes and limitations, Bell has located a site of liberation and power inside the awareness that socially inscribed identities function as masks. However, for Bell, once a self is established in the psyche that is detached internally from the stigma of stereotypes, the construction of new identities is simply that - a construction, not a truth or a reality.
Hence, what to do? In Bell’s case, the solution seems to be to play with creative abandonment.
In, giant a talk (conjure), 2017, made with terra-cotta, glaze, and 14k gold and glaze, chance, struggle and negotiation collaborated with Bell in the process of making the piece. As in other cases, despite where Bell may have wanted to take the face of her sculpture, the face decided where it wanted to go. One result being, unexpected cracks in its facade that Bell responded to with a loose interpretation of a Japanese technique called Kintsugi. The art form is a style of repairing broken pottery with lacquer mixed with powdered gold, silver or platinum. giant a talk (conjure) is meant to be displayed with the crown of its head facing down, functioning as the base of the sculpture. The interior of the head is glazed in a ravishing blend of blues and greens. The work may suggest an exploration of a grounded luscious interior consciousness tinged with glimpses of gold, and all that it represents, coming out in the work.
In further movement from two dimensional canvas, to three dimensional ceramics, Bell has engaged the practice of performance to amplify her exploration of multidimensional identity. Coinciding with the rise in popular culture of Trap music, a form of rap music, Bell’s longstanding interest with the term “trap” as it relates to identity has found a home in recent performance exhibitions: the 2016 performance, Trick Out this Trap, at BRIC; inclusion in Body and Soul - an official collateral performance event at the 2017 Venice Biennale; and, the installation piece Trick out trap for...made for the exhibition, Conjure. Bell’s insertion of her own body as a tool for storytelling into her oeuvre, along with the writing of lyrics and the performance of rap music, may signal an expansion of her practice and message into the realm of popular culture, a particularly treacherous space for identity formation.
What is most interesting about the breadth of Bell’s work is its long reach into the past, through its possible association with mediumship and ancestors, and its stretch into the future through performance and fictional characters that could easily be part of a resurgent afrofuturism movement. Of the many artists that Bell admires and relates to, Nick Cave and Frida Kahlo come to mind. Cave for his role as a messenger of liberation working between visual art and performance, and Kahlo for her groundbreaking commitment to the intimate psychic spaces of her own imagination.
Welancora Gallery is pleased to present Conjure, an exhibition of works by Aisha Tandiwe Bell, from November 4, 2017 through January 14, 2018. A reception for the artist will be held on Saturday, November 4th from 6 – 9 pm. This is the artist’s first solo exhibition with the gallery.
Bell’s subject is the complex notion of consciousness and identity as it relates specifically to the African American experience in the Western world. In Conjure, she continues to utilize composites of her mental archive of gazes and gestures to create portraits and personifications that explore code switching and the African and Indigenous ideas of “the trickster”. This notion of “the trickster” is a coping mechanism of sorts that relies on the ability to transform, resist, and escape traps while exploring ideas of transformation, multiplicity, indecision, confusion, consumption, balance and fragmentation.
In this quest that spans a number of years, Bell has created a unique visual language that draws inspiration from Duboisian “double consciousness” theory and Jacques Lacan’s shape shifting subconscious ideology. Bell posits that we have many identities, and like chameleons they shift according to our surroundings, code-switching for survival and as tool for getting ahead.
Bell’s work is made from clay, cardboard, cloth, and canvas. As they protrude from the wall, her clay heads serve as a metaphor for enlightenment, pushing their way to freedom, their bodies painted and “trapped” on the canvas. Jute rope springing from the opened palms of her subjects, and gold twine, are props used to simultaneously reference the West African folktale of Anansi, the web slinging spider man, the crucified, the praying, and rope used for lynching. These works are at once provocative, elegant, and haunting.
Bell’s cardboard traps are depicted as comfortable spaces to inhabit, fully decked out in soft fabric; yet they simultaneously serve to illustrate the lure of escapism in all of its forms including consumerism and the comfort found in the unchanged and unchallenged. In drawing upon our shared and intersecting histories, Bell weaves together a coherent picture of the conflicted realities that shape who we are and who we can be.
Aisha Tandiwe Bell’s practice is committed to creating myth & ritual through sculpture, performance, video, sound, drawing & installation. Bell holds a BFA, & an MS from Pratt & a MFA from Hunter College. Bell received a NYFA in Performance Art/ Multidisciplinary Work & has had artist residencies/fellowships at Skowhegan, Rush Corridor Gallery, Abron’s Art Center, LMCC’s Swing Space, The Laundromat Project, BRIC & more. She has been a fellow with DVCAI on International Cultural Exchanges (Jamaica 2012, Surinam 2013, Antigua 2014, Guadeloupe 2015 & 17). The Museo De Arte Moderno’s Triennial 2014, The Jamaica Biennial 2014 & 17, The BRIC Biennial 2016, The Venice Biennial 2017, MoCADA, The Rosa Parks Museum, CCCADI, Columbia College, Space One Eleven & Rush Arts are a few spaces where Bell has exhibited her work. The artist lives and works in New York City.
About the Curator:
Derrick Adams recently served as guest curator for the first curated section of VOLTA NY 2016. His work has been shown at MoMA PS1; Brooklyn Museum of Art; Studio Museum in Harlem; Contemporary Art Museum Houston; and the California African American Museum.